Triglav is with its elevation of 2,864 metres the highest mountain in Slovenia and the highest peak of the Julian Alps. The mountain is the preeminent symbol of the Slovene nation. It is the centerpiece of Triglav National Park, Slovenia's only national park.
The legend of Goldenhorn and the magical flower
- In the legend, the Goldenhorn (Zlatorog) - now the symbolic animal of the Triglav National Park - is shot by a young hunter who is in love and blinded with desire for treasure guarded by the animal. A magical flower growing on Triglav heals the Goldenhorn’s wound, and the animal takes his revenge upon the hunter before leaving, never to be seen again, along with the treasure. Have respect for nature!
Natural sights: source of the Soča, the Mlinarica troughs with a waterfall, Velika korita (Big Troughs) of the Soča by the village Soča, the troughs of the Soča at Kršovec, waterfalls in Zapoden and in Vrsnik; Alpinum Juliana Botanical Garden; the valley of Trenta and its side valleys.
Cultural monuments: typical architectural heritage of the Trenta and Soča valleys; Church of St Joseph in Soča, Church of Our Lady of Loretto in Trenta, Tožbar’s plaque in Trenta, the Dr. Julius Kugy Monument in Trenta; WWI military cemeteries in the villages of Soča and Trenta. (We recommend a guided tour of the Soča Trail which connects many natural signs and cultural monuments of the Trenta valley.)
Trips and mountain tours (starting point: TNP Information Centre in Trenta): the Mlinarica gorge, valleys of Zadnja Trenta, Zadnjica, Vrsnik and Lepena, the Soča Trail, Alpinum Juliana Alpine Botanical Garden, the Zapotok pasture from Zadnja Trenta – 2 hours, Bavški Grintavec (2347 m) from Zadnja Trenta – 6 hours, the Trebiščina pasture and on to the Prehodavci pass – 5 hours, Triglav (2864 m) from Zadnjica – 6 to 8 hours, Jalovec (2645 m) from Zadnja Trenta – 5 to 6 hours.
Natural sights: Triglav, Triglav North Face, Triglav Glacier, Triglav Abyss, source of the Triglavska Bistrica, Peričnik Fall, amphitheatre-shaped head of the Vrata valley.
Cultural monuments: Pocar Farm in Zgornja Radovna (link to Pocar Farm), Triglav Museum in Mojstrana, Monument to the Fallen Partisans-Mountaineers in Vrata, the remains of charcoal pits.
Trips and mountain tours (with Aljažev dom in Vrata as the starting point): the Vrata Nature Trail, starting point for tours to Triglav (2864 m) – 6 to 7 hours, Kriški podi (2050 m) – 4 to 5 hours, Stenar (2501 m) – 3.5 hours, Škrlatica (2740 m) – 5 hours, Bivouac II (2118 m) – 2.5 hours.
Ski touring: from the Luknja pass, from Križ and the valley Za Cmirom.
Natural sights: the Goreljek bog (nature trail), the Pokljuka Nature Trail, terminal moraine of the Pokljuka glacier at Goreljek, the Medvedova konta pothole, the Pokljuka Gorge and the Pokljuka forest.
Cultural monuments: parish church of St. Cross at Koprivnik, interesting architectural heritage of dairy pastures on Pokljuka and the remains of the medieval mining (the pastures Klek, Rudno polje, and Lipanca).
Trips and mountain tours: Viševnik (2050 m) – 2 hours, Veliki Draški vrh (2243 m) – 3 hours, Triglav (2864 m) – 6 hours, the Lipanca pasture (1630 m) – 2 hours, Debela peč (2014 m) – 3 hours, the Javornik pasture, Uskovnica, Zajamniki etc. (all starting from Rudno polje).
Excellent cycling routes: in winter, cross-country skiing tracks on Pokljuka.
Ski touring: Debela peč, Mrežce, Viševnik, Veliki Draški vrh.
Fun fact: Accommodation - Our park guides are here for you, to make your learning and experience of the nature and the national park more exciting. For a perfect experience, spend a night at one of the TNP mountain huts: Pokljuka, Vogar, Zgornja Radovna, Vrata, Vršič and Trenta. TNP mountain huts will help you explore, experience and learn about the national park.
Typical Local Products
Tolminc cheese is classified as a hard full-fat cheese. The main raw material used in its manufacture is raw, full-fat or skimmed, cow's milk. The characteristics of Tolminc cheese result from climatic and other conditions in the Upper Soča Valley, and are further guaranteed by the quality of milk, long tradition of cheese-making and use of traditional cheese-making practices. The holder of Protected Designation of Origin is the Cheese-Making Association "Tolminc".
Bovec cheese is classified as a hard full-fat cheese. The cheese is made from raw sheep's milk, which can in part (20%) be supplemented by cow's milk or goat's milk. The cheese has been awarded Protected Designation of Origin status. The holder of the designation is the Association of Small Cattle Breeders of Bovec.
Mohant is classified as a soft cheese. It is famous for its characteristic scent and taste. In summer, when the cheese matures faster, Mohant is made from full-fat milk, but in winter skimmed cow's milk is used instead. In summer months Mohant matures for a minimum of six weeks. In winter the period of maturity is up to three months. In Bohinj, Mohant is often served with boiled potatoes.
At least three autochthonous breeds of domestic animals originate from the wide area of TNP, i.e. the Julian Alps: the Drežnica goat breed, the Bovec sheep breed and the Cika cattle breed.
Preservation of these breeds is important for the following reasons: genetic aspect, landscape aspect and cultural and ethnological aspect.
Drežnica goat is the only autochthonous goat breed in Slovenia. It originates from the north-eastern part of Slovenia, from the area of Drežnica and Bovec. Owing to a very small population and the impact of other breeds, the Drežnica goat is currently found on the list of endangered breeds. It is a combined breed, characterised by high resistance and ability to adapt to extensive breeding. Its physical characteristics are those important for breeding in mountain areas. The Drežnica goat can be subdivided into the Drežnica meat breed and Drežnica milk breed.
Bovec sheep - This Slovene autochthonous breed remains linked to its area of origin, although its high adaptability has enabled it to spread to other parts of Slovenia. The Bovec sheep breed has a firm genetic code which proves that it is an old breed, carefully selected generation by generation.
Up to the present day, the breed has followed its main objective: adaptability to harsh and modest breeding conditions, ability to graze in hilly and mountain meadows, calm temperament, longevity and resistance.
The Cika cattle has evolved from the light red single-coloured cattle. In the second half of the 19th century, the cows of indigenous breed were crossbred with the Pinzgauer breed. The variety of the breed which lives in the Upper Soča Valley is called the Tolmin Cika Cattle. The animals are red, with a typical white strip. As the Cika cattle is highly adaptable, small in size and weight, it is suitable for breeding in mountainous regions, where conditions are unfavourable for grazing and production of fodder.