Kras landscape extensive plateau spreads across the hinterland of the Bay of Trieste where numerous karst phenomena developed on the limestone bedrock and carried the name and the glory of Kras into the world. The preservation of the landscape, the diverse vegetation, the numerous caves, potholes, and other karst phenomena, the unique architecture, red soil, and characteristic wines-all these are reasons for the development of the Kras Park that will preserve the natural and cultural heritage in this transition area between the sea and the interior for future generations.


Vilenica cave

altThe first recorded visits to Vilenica cave occured in 1633, and thus until the mid-19th Century the cave earn the title of one of the first tourist caves in Europe, which has been renowned as the largest and most beautiful Karst cave. Vilenica is arranged and lit for visitors in a length of 450 m. Every year the international literary award Vilenica is held here.

VISITS: every sunday and Slovenian holidays from April, 1st to October, 31st at 15:00 and 17:00 from November, 1st to March, 31st only organized groups by prior arrangement. Organised groups may always visit by prior arrangement.

Source: Kras

Old Castle Park

altThe Count Ludvik Petač, the feudal lord after the Tolmin peasant revolt, transferred the seat of his government to Sežana somewhere after the year 1713, and came to live there. At first he lived near the church, then he built a villa, to which the local referred as "Stari grad" - "the Old Castle." The renovated park, which is located next to the mansion, has preserved its historical elements, while the modern needs of the town have been taken into account as well - it has become a place for relaxation and socializing.

Source: Krass

Living Museum of Karst typical karst features such as karst dolines, uvalas, sinkholes, grikes, abysses, and of course, underground caves, the living museum of Karst area, which extends over 700 hectares, is defined as ecologically important area and its larger part belongs among the Natura 2000 sites.

For almost a half of a century, the area was closed to the public. It represents the natural and cultural heritage of typical Karst and it covers the area between Sežana, Lipica and former Slovenian-Italian border, along the axis connecting the old Austro-Hungarian road Sežana - Bazovica. Thematic and cross-border recreational trails are constructed under the auspices of the museum, with marked points of interest. They also implement changes to protect biodiversity of the area.

Map of Living Museum of Karst

Fun fact: With typical karst features such as karst dolines, uvalas, sinkholes, grikes, abysses, and of course, underground caves, the living museum of Karst area, which extends over 700 hectares, is defined as ecologically important area and its larger part belongs among the Natura 2000 sites.

Source: Kras

Botanical garden of Sežana

altThe origins of the Botanical Garden in Sežana date back to 1848, when a rich family of ship-owners and traders from Trieste bought a large plot and first built there the villa Mirasasso. Over the next 150 years the villa surroundings were planted with exotic plants, tree seedlings and seeds from various trips to distant lands. The collection grew and with the purchase of another plot, the park expanded as well. After more than 40 years a greenhouse was built, which is very reminiscent of the Schönbrunn greenhouse in Vienna.

Since 1950 the park has been under the auspices of the Ministry of Science and Culture, which formally protected the tree and flower garden as a horticultural monument. Successors have continued to enrich the park with rare plants, which in some cases, even if forgotten, keep reproducing by themselves. The park, which results from the work of human hands, as well as from work of nature itself, is now managed by the municipal housing company from Sežana.

Today the collection brings us closer to almost 200 species of plants from all around the world. Among the most beautiful and most valued trees in the park there are the Lebanon cedar, the coffee tree, the Bornmueller's fir, the sequoia, the Judas tree, the yew, the Osage orange or horse apple with its unusual large green fruit, and the Spanish fir. Exquisite cacti specimen can also be found here, as well as exotic flowers. Last, but not least, in-between the exotic plants typical Karst vegetation found its place as well. Inside the park you can visit the Natural History Museum and Gallery, where the most important rocks of Karst can be found, and a multimedia presentation about the park can be viewed.

Source: Kras

Pepa's Karst garden

altIn 2009 Pepa's Karst Garden received a top rating and a gold medal in the category of small gardens at the horticultural exhibition Hampton Court Place Flower Show, which is the second most important horticultural event in the world. The authentic Karst garden represents the preservation and protection of natural and cultural heritage. The conservation of the native Karst serves as a unique example of cultural landscape where tradition meets an extraordinary degree of art.

The garden is designed with traditional arts and crafts materials, and plants that are typical of the Karst landscape. Its purpose is to offer a place for an active relaxation in the countryside. With its specific architectural structure, the garden represents a respectful environment-friendly life style of people in rural area. Its plan shows the traditional way of building living environment in the rural Karst. Taking into consideration the global guidelines for the protection of nature, the garden acts as an instance of sustainable living today. It is a tale of the Karst region and its people, and it is now on display in the courtyard of the Bunčetov's homestead in Dutovlje.

Source: Kras


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