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History&culture

Cultural and historical heritage

There are many cultural and historical monuments found within Krka National Park. These include archaeological sites, monuments of sacral heritageand monuments of industrial architecture.Visitors can also visit the interesting ethno village that has preserves the memory of the old crafts and ways of life, and for which the management of the National Park "Krka" won a Golden Flower of Europe 2006.

Source: Krka National Park

Archaeological localities

 The area around the Krka River includes many important archaeological sites, without which it would be impossible to know anything about the history of the area. Within the national park boundaries, there are about 20 archaeological sites from all periods

Prehistorical sites were primarily hill forts, the best known of which is the hill fort at Puljani, which Pliny himself listed among the “fortresses famed for their battles”, and cave sites such as the one at the Oziđana pećina cave, where recent archaeological research discovered traces of human settlement.

Among sites dating back to the period of the Roman Empire, the Burnum military is certainly the most significant, with its recently discovered amphitheatre, a world class find. The remnants of the Burnum military camp are situated on the right bank of the Krka River, near where the village of Ivoševci stands today. Today it is possible to see the remnants of the arches that belonged to the building of the Pretoria (camp command) and the amphitheatre, where a great deal of archaeological material has been uncovered in recent studies.

Medeieval fortresses

 The ruins of several Early Croatian fortresses from the 14th century line the banks of the Krka River: Kamičk, Trošenj, Nečven, Bogočin and Ključica, one of the largest and most significant defensive structures in all of Croatia. The territory between the Krka and Čikola Rivers, including Promin Mountain, was known as the Promin-Miljevac area in Croatian medieval history. During the Middle Ages, Croatian princes and noblemen erected magnificent fortress-cities here.

Today only ruins remain, with the occasional visible tower and wall, which still testify to their former greatness. The fortresses were erected at the edge of the Krka canyon, on both the left and right sides. As well as occasionally serving for defensive purposes, the fortresses also formed the core of individual settlements. The noble Croatian Šubić family built the fortresses Trošenj-grad (Čučevo) and Rogovo on the right bank of the river, while the fortresses on the left bank, Nečven, Bogočin and Kamičak were in the possession of other great Croatian families: Nelipić, Martinušić, Bogetić, Utješinović and Mišljenović. The Nelipić nobles owned what was by far the loveliest of all the fortresses, Ključica, which stood over the Čikola River canyon.

Sacral heritage

 The natural beauty of the Krka River has always attracted man to its banks. The colour of its water, the roughness and tameness of its banks, the rich and poor vegetation, the grey and bright atmosphere, the rock and soil are contrasts that both soothe an

The magical Krka, blazing its path from its springs to its mouth, has formed the cascades, and broadened in places not bounded by rock to form lakes. The lake-like sections of the river's course are places of peace and quiet, as though created for the spiritual connection of man and God. It is therefore no surprise that the Franciscans built the monastery of Our Lady of Mercy and the Church of Our Lady of Visovac on Visovac Island, right in the middle of Visovac Lake. The monastery, church, Visovac Island and Visovac Lake are a natural, cultural, historical and spiritual entity. At another tame expansion of the Krka River, called Carigradska draga, is one of the most important spiritual centres of the Dalmatian Orthodox Eparchy, the monastery of the Holy Archangel.

Ethnography

 To use the power of water that was so abundant, and to turn it into useful work was the primary goal of the people who settled along the river's banks.

The Krka River is living proof of the use of natural resources to serve the local population, as seen in the many mills that once operated along the river's course, some of which are still standing today. The mills on the Krka River were turned by water, and called water mills, and they belong to the system of pre-Industrial plants. These mills were of exceptional importance to the live of the population throughout Dalmatia, in the Middle Ages and later, and as such were the cause of many a conflict. Not only were they important for life, they also earned great revenues.

Even though they often changed owners, they virtually remained the same, without any new technological innovations. Though they no longer have any economic significance for the local population, today they are a first rate tourist attraction. The mills at Skradinski buk and Roški slap, present the old kužina (kitchen), mill with complete mill inventory, the miller's room, the weaver's loom, kovačija and štala (carriage room and stables), while the exhibit  “From grain to bread” is currently on display in the exhibition room.

Industrial heritage

 Four hydroelectric plants have been constructed along the course of the Krka River, and these represent exceptionally valuable industrial architecture monuments. Three are still in function today. The plants are: Jaruga on Skradinski buk, Miljacka at the

The water power of the Krka River attracted many industrialists here to build hydroelectric plants and other production plants. Along the river's course are three hydroelectric plants constructed at the turn of the 20th century: HEP Miljacka under the Miljacka waterfall, HEP Roški slap at Roški slap and HEP Jaruga at Skradinski buk, which is still in function and producing electricity today. The remnants of the fourth, and oldest hydroelectric plant, HEP Krka, is also at Skradinski buk. The plant has been systematically researched, and conservation works and its partial reconstruction are underway. Due to its historical significance, the plant is a monument of industrial architecture, and is protected as a cultural good of the Republic of Croatia.

Source: Krka National Park

Fun fact: Visovac Island is among Croatia's most valuable natural and cultural values. The Franciscan Monastery of Our Lady of Mercy and the Church of Our Lady of Visovac have stood here since 1445. The complex, together with the beautiful landscape of Visovac La.

Source: Krka National Park

 

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