national
 
nature
 
historic
 
mountains

Nature

Kupa

The area was proclaimed a protected area on 12th December 1963 with its surface area of 10 ha. The Kupa River source is one of many unsolved karst riddles, one of the most powerful, most extended and deepest Croatian wellsprings. 321 metres above sea level, the shaped water mass of the turquoise green and blue lake will enchant you by its appearance.

The upper flow of the Kupa River is, thanks to the wealth of its flora and fauna, called the Enchanted butterfly valley. A visit to the Kupa spring is reachable from two directions—from the village of Razloge, situated 15 km from Crni Lug and from the village of Kupari, 30 km from the same village. Because of the narrow street, access to both villages is possible by small bus or by personal car.

The footpath from the village of Razloge is full of serpentines and you will need around 30 minutes walk to reach the spring.

You can reach the spring from the village of Hrvatsko too (Crni Lug – Hrvatsko 45 min drive) through Kupari (Hrvtasko-Kupari 1 h 30 min walk). The path from Kupari is situated close to the water flow and will take you to the spring in around 30 min.

Source: NP Risnjak

Risnjak

Risnjak is a mountain in the Risnjak National Park, in Gorski Kotar, Croatia. It belongs to the Dinaric Alps mountain range.[1] The name of the massif probably comes from ris, the Croatian word for lynx. Another interpretation suggests that it comes from the local word risje, which is a name for a type of grass.

The vegetation is very diverse. Thirty different plant communities have been recorded, of which the most common are beech and fir forests (Fagetum illyricum abietotosum) which go up to 1240 m and then are replaced by sub-alpine beeches (Fagetum croaticum subalpinum). The highest vegetation is a belt of mountain pine (Pinetum mughi croaticum). The fauna is also diverse, but has been less well researched. There are particularly many species of birds and mammals, including several types of chamois, while since 1974 the area has once again been inhabited by the ris.

The highest peak of Risnjak mountain is "Risnjak" or Veliki Risnjak at 1528 m.a.s.l.[2] (the latter name means "Big Risnjak"), and it is also the highest peak in the Risnjak National Park, and the second in Gorski kotar next to Bjelolasica. On its southern slope is located the mountain lodge called Šloserov dom, built by Josip Schlosser. The peak can be reached only on foot, from Crni Lug (3 h) or from an unpaved road beginning in Gornje Jelenje (1 h).

Source: Wikipedia

Snježnik

The rocky peak surrounded by mountain meadows will surprise you pleasantly with its availability and picturesqueness. The plants of this area is adapted to the most difficult climate conditions and tolerates without any difficulties the summer’s boiling heat, the severe cold and wind, whilst the view that extends from the lookout at 1506 metres above sea level is one of the most beautiful in Croatia.

To reach Snježnik from the direction of Platak, you will need around an hour. The simplest way is to take the path across the Greben reef to the peak, whilst on your way back you can take the path through Grlo which climbs down on the western part of the Snježnik peak.

If you have more free time we suggest you visit both the Risnjak and Snježnik peaks. The vast Lazac meadow is located among the above mentioned mountain reefs and will enchant you with its extensiveness and colourful plant variety. You will spend a day full of experiences which you will remember forever!!!

Source: NP Risnjak

Geology

The geographical or geotectonics area of the Risnjak National Park belongs to the system of Dinaric mountains which represent the natural bond between the Alps and the Balkan mountains. It is a strong limestone area with very specific ecological, geomorfological and hydrological characteristics. The National Park has a complex structure of carbonate rocks whose formation date back to the Palaeozoic and to the Quaternary age. The oldest rocks from the Palaeozoic age are located in the upper flow of the Krašičevica and part of the Kupa River valley.

Rocks dating back to the Triassic period are located at the middle heights above sea level around Leska, Bela Vodica and Biljevina. Younger rocks from the Triassic and Jurassic periods are located on the higher areas of the Risnjak and Snježnik mountains.

The National Park’s relief is characterized by numerous limestone features such as dry meadows, underground stream caves, deep caves and limestone fields which are the result of climatic and hydrological effects. The area around the Risnjak and Snježnik mountains is representative of a typical forestal high limestone area in Europe.

The Risnjak and Snježnik mountain massifs represent a natural connection between the Alps and the Dinaric mountains and due to this fact are considered an important ecological corridor for plants and for large animals, such as the brown bear or wolf.

Source: NP Risnjak

Climate

The Risnjak National Park is influenced by Adriatic climate characteristics and the continental climate which interferes with each other within this area and determines its climate specificity. Pleasantly mild hot summers with an average temperature of 20°C are rotated with rainy autumns and springs and long, snowy and cold winters. In the higher areas the average temperatures decrease noticeably and the quantity of precipitations increase which is connected to the quantity of air humidity, the intensity of cloud cover, fog and other such phenomena. Cloud cover reaches a maximum level in November and December, and a minimum in July.

The whole area is characteristic for its typical limestone formed valleys and karst sinkholes and its special microclimate. They represent a separate living area with their own plant communities and typical temperature inversion which makes their environment completely different from that of their surroundings.

Source: NP Risnjak

Flora

The Risnjak massif has always been known for its rich flora that has developed in various microclimatic and geological conditions. This diversity is the base for the relatively high level of floral variety. During field and other activities, and for the purpose of creating a Management plan, the spatial systematized inventory of flora has been carried out on the whole area of the Risnjak National Park.

The main characteristic of the National Park’s flora is the relatively high number of species, up to 1148 species and sub-species. During field research carried out between 2004 and 2006, 83% of all species currently known have been specified for the literature.

The 2 % part of threatened species is also important compared to the total number of registered orders (perception and literature). The representation of orders which experience international convention protection is also relatively high, and reaches 7.1% compared to the total number of registered orders (perception and literature).

Well conserved climatic plant communities, especially forests, with authentic plant species composition, add to the special value of the national park. The number of species, i.e. the wealth of total flora, is surely even bigger considering that the inventary, of the first part of the year, was carried out more unequally. The National Park also includes an exceptional diversity of orchids, from which many are rare and threatened.

Source: NP Risnjak

Fun fact: The Risnjak area has, in the past, and continues today, been home to the brown bear (Ursus arctos), the wolf (Canis lupus) and the lynx(Lynx lynx). These species depend on the enormous calm areas which are not disturbed by people and on the numerous animals which represent their typical prey.

Source: NP Risnjak

 

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